Memorizing the various SAT Vocabulary lists is no easy feat, as vocabulary is something that is accumulated over time. However, if the challenge is to build a strong vocabulary overnight or in a matter of weeks, then the student first needs to understand a few basic things about the human brain.
The brain works better when it is stimulated visually, meaning it will retain data more efficiently if the data can be tied up with strong emotion, vision, taste, smell, or story. If training the mind to retain information is the goal, then learning the "Vivid Mnemonics" technique is a must.
An example of this is:
Acrimonious (adj.): Acrid, Sharp, Pungent And Bitter.
Memorizing it in this manner is easy but the memory will be lost within a few moments.
Bite on a lemon. Experiencing the sharp, pungent taste of the lemon combined with the acrid, bitter taste of the lemon skin will introduce the word "acrimonious" to the brain. And since the meaning was derived with the help of the mouth, the brain is bound to remember that it is used in terms of speech, language and words. For example: the president was greeted by an acrimonious speech by the leader of the opposition. Relate as many examples as you can with "acrimonious" and rest assured that the word has been added to your memory and you can use it correctly on your SAT exam, as the brain can relate this word to a real and physical memory. The word is now tied up with a real experience the brain was involved in (the lemon tasting).
With the Vivid Mnemonics technique, you can train your mind to retain new vocabulary and quickly learn SAT Vocabulary words. While something as extreme as biting on a lemon will not be necessary with every word, relating words with something funny, emotional, or maybe just a story will surely do the trick.
In the end, a general piece of advice: start right now, since learning new words is not the only goal, also try and use them in your day to day conversation as well. This way, you will not just pass your SAT with flying colors, but will be more articulate in expressing yourself.